Department of Hydrology, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
1971 to present
Hydrology as an independent discipline of geography began to develop at the Jagiellonian University after World War II, but the independent Department of Hydrography (renamed in 2000 as Department of Hydrology) was established in 1971 and it was led by Irena Dynowska. Her habilitation thesis was titled Types of river regimes in Poland (1971). There was the hydrochemical laboratory led by Jerzy Dynowski, and then by Łukasz Jelonkiewicz. In the 70s. of the XX c. the main research of the Department was focused on the hydrological cartography. At that time the hydrographic map of the Poland scale 1:2 500 000 was presented at the International Geographical Congress in Moscow (1976).
Beginning form the 70. Irena Dynowska started a hydrographic mapping of the upland located north of Cracow. She drew attention to the scientific and environmental values of numerous springs there. This research had been continuing in the next decades. As many as 246 springs previously mapped in the 70. were investigated again in 1999-2000 and 2010-2013 considering their type, discharge, location, character of flow, springs surrounding, and their physical and chemical characteristics. Scientific, educational and environmental evaluation was also conducted by Maria Baścik. Several springs for legal protection were distinguished and they were then recognized as natural monuments.
From the late 70s until 1991, Antoni Dobija was studying the variability of runoff in the Upper Vistula Basin considering the analyzes of long-term observation series of river runoff and precipitation. He was the first scientist which introduced computer science at the Institute of Geography. Alicja Tlałka focused on low flows in Poland. The expeditionary studies were undertaken by Wojciech Chełmicki (Mongolia), Joanna Pociask-Karteczka and Antoni Dobija (Spitsbergen, European Arctic). The scientific activity of Antoni Dobija was suddenly interrupted by his tragic death in the Tatra Mountains in 1991.
In the 80s. Wojciech Chełmicki began to study the groundwater table regime. He was a head of the Department in 1995. Research on the human impact on the water conditions began to appear already in the 70s. and they were conducted mostly by Irena Dynowska and Joanna Pociask Karteczka. Hydrochemical composition of water was the predominant issue of Jerzy Dynowski activity. Methodological aspect of hydrological regionalization (Upper Vistula Basin case study) was done by Joanna Pociask-Karteczka in the 90s. Miroslaw Żelazny began the hydrochemical composition of surface and spring water in the Tatra National Park in the middle of the first decade of the XXI c. Janusz Siwek and Bartłomiej Rzonca research is focused on temporal and spatial diversity of water circulation in the Bieszczady Mountains. Joanna Siwek conducts research on short-time hydrochemical cycling in particular nutrient components.