Frind, Emil O

From History of Hydrology Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search




Emil O. Frind; 1932 (Germany) – 2022 (Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario, Canada)


Emil trained to be a draftsman in Germany and emigrated to Canada in 1955, marrying Rosemarie, a registered nurse, in 1957. After realizing that his true passion was the natural and applied sciences, he studied Civil Engineering at the University of Toronto, graduating with his doctorate in 1971. He was hired at the University of Waterloo, Department of Earth Sciences, in 1971 by Chairman Bob Farvolden, as a hydrogeologist and groundwater modeller, into a tenure-track professorship position.

Hydrological Achievements[edit]

Throughout his career, Emil developed and taught courses that included his favourite course “Fundamentals of Groundwater Modelling”, a first for undergraduate curricula within Canada and which became one of his legacies. He augmented this course with a graduate offering in “Advanced Groundwater Modelling”, which served as a launching point for many quantitative hydrogeologists. Teaching was both a priority and passion for Emil and he was acknowledged as an educational leader with the University of Waterloo’s Distinguished Teacher Award.

Emil enjoyed mentoring many generations of graduate students, most of whom went on to become professors and hydrogeologists themselves. He wrote hundreds of professional reports and journal articles, and served on editorial boards of several international scientific journals including the Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, Water Resources Research, Advances in Water Resources and the Journal of Hydrology. He published widely in the field of numerical modelling, most notably on numerical flownets, multi-aquifer systems, contaminant transport and dispersion, density-dependent flow systems including saltwater intrusion and heat transport, and on aquifer vulnerability and capture zones for water supply wells.

Among many awards, Emil received the NGWA’s M. King Hubbert and Life Member awards, the IAH-CNC Robert N. Farvolden Award and the Grand River Conservation Authority Watershed Award. He also enjoyed contributing to environmental issues, including the protection of drinking water wells in the Region of Waterloo. His work was essential in developing public awareness of the role of groundwater and the importance of protecting aquifer recharge areas. His pioneering work on the vulnerability of aquifers and public supply wells has been adopted by many jurisdictions around the world. Emil also frequently contributed informative and thought-provoking editorials to local newspapers on a wide range of environmental topics that were of interest to the general public. With his pure and clear writing style, he was able to communicate complex problems in such an understandable way.

Emil remained extremely active following his retirement in 1998, and in 2000, he was awarded the status of Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the University of Waterloo, in recognition of his lifetime achievements in teaching, research and community service.


Emil was very proud of this quote from one of his past students who had taken his modelling course and had learned about numerically-generated flownets: “This is where I first understood groundwater flow systems”.

Emil was a pioneer in numerical modelling, and always had remarkable insight. On one occasion, he was presented with several pages of derivations which led to two different solutions. When asked if he could help identify the error, he simply replied: ”Try both solutions, whichever one works is the right answer”.

Emil was well-known by his students for calling them late at night or on week-ends, to run just a few more simulations or discuss some results. But no-one ever complained, as he instilled in everyone such a keen interest and passion for hydrogeology and numerical modelling, with a complementary high work-ethic.

With his wife Rosemarie and son Michael, Emil enjoyed hiking, skiing, canoeing and quiet time on his farm.


Reference Material[edit]

Information provided by J. Molson, Université Laval, and David Rudolph, University of Waterloo

Selected Publications[edit]

Bester, M., Frind, E.O., Molson, J.W. and Rudolph, D.L., 2005. Numerical investigation of road salt impact on an urban well field. Ground Water, 44(2), 165-175.

Cirpka, O., Frind, E.O. and Helmig, R., 1999. Numerical simulation of mixing-controlled biodegradation in heterogeneous aquifers. J. of Contaminant Hydrology, 40(2), 157-180.

Daus, T., Frind, E.O. and Sudicky, E.A., 1985. Comparative error analysis in finite element formulations of the advection-dispersion equation, Adv. Water Resour., 8, 86-95.

Frind, E.O., 1970. Theoretical analysis of aquifer response due to dewatering at Welland; Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 7(2): 205-2l6.

Frind, E.O., 1982. Simulation of long-term transient density-dependent transport in groundwater, Adv. Water Resour., 5(2) 73-88.

Frind, E.O., Duynisveld, W.H.M., Strebel, O. and Boettcher, J., 1990. Modelling of multi-component transport with microbial transformation in groundwater: The Fuhrberg Case. Water Resour. Res., 26(8):1707-1719.

Frind, E.O. and Hokkanen, G.E., 1987. Simulation of the Borden plume using the Alternating Direction Galerkin technique, Water Resour. Res., 23(5), 918-930.

Frind, E.O. and Matanga, G.B., 1985. The dual formulation of flow for contaminant transport modelling 1. Review of theory and accuracy aspects, Water Resour. Res., 21(2), 159-169.

Frind, E.O., Matanga, G.B. and Cherry, J.A., 1985. The dual formulation of flow for contaminant transport modelling 2. The Borden aquifer, Water Resour. Res., 21(2), 170-181.

Frind, E.O. and Molson, J.W., 2018. Issues and options in the delineation of well capture zones under uncertainty. Issue Paper, Ground Water, February 2018. doi: 10.111/gwat.12644.

Frind, E.O., Molson, J.W., Sousa, M.R. and Martin, P.J., 2014. Insights from four decades of model development on the Waterloo Moraine: A review, Canadian Water Resources J. (Special Issue: The Waterloo Moraine, E. Frind, Ed.), 149-166,

Frind, E.O., Molson, J.W. and Rudolph, D.L., 2006. Well vulnerability: A quantitative approach for source water protection, Ground Water, 44(5), 732-742, doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2006.00230.x.

Frind, E.O., Molson, J.W., Schirmer, M. and Guiguer, N., 1999. Dissolution and mass transfer of multiple organics under field conditions: The Borden emplaced source, Wat. Resour. Res., 35:3, 683-694.

Frind, E.O., Sudicky, E.A. and Schellenberg, S.L., 1987. Micro-scale modelling in the study of plume evolution in heterogeneous media. Stochastic Hydrology and Hydraulics, 1(4):263-279.

Kueper, B.H. and Frind, E.O., 1991. Two-phase flow in heterogeneous porous media: 1. Model development. Water Resour. Res., 27(6):1049-1057.

Martin, P.J. and Frind, E.O., 1998. Modeling a Complex Multi-Aquifer System: The Waterloo Moraine. Ground Water, 36(4), 679-690.

Mayer, K.U., Frind, E.O. and Blowes, D.W., 2002. Multicomponent reactive transport modeling in variably saturated porous media using a generalized formulation for kinetically controlled reactions. Water Resources Research, 38(9), 1174, pp. 13-1 to 13-21.

Mendoza, C.A. and Frind, E.O., 1990. Advective-dispersive transport of organic vapours in the unsaturated zone: 1. Model development. Water Resources Res., 26(3):379-387.

Molson, J.W., Frind, E.O. and Palmer, C.D., 1992. Thermal energy storage in an unconfined aquifer: 2. Model development, validation and application. Water Resour. Res., 28(10):2857-2867.

Molson, J.W. and Frind, E.O., 2012. On the use of mean groundwater age, life expectancy and capture probability for defining aquifer vulnerability and time-of-travel zones for source water protection. J. of Contaminant Hydrology, 127, 76-87.

Sudicky, E.A. and Frind, E.O., 1982. Contaminant transport in fractured porous media: Analytical solutions for a system of parallel fractures, Water Resources Research, 18(6), pp. 1634-1642.

Pinder, G.F. and Frind, E.O., 1972. Application of Galerkin's procedure to aquifer analysis, Water Resour. Res. 8(1):108-120.

Rudolph, D.L. and Frind, E.O., 1991. Hydraulic response of highly compressible aquitards during consolidation. Water Resour. Res., 27(1):17-30.

Walter, A.L., Frind, E.O., Blowes, D.W., Ptacek, C.J. and Molson, J.W., 1994. Modelling of multi-component reactive transport in groundwater: 1. Model development and evaluation, Water Resources Research, 30(11), 3137-3148.


Recognition by the Grand River Conservation Authority (2014)