History of Hydrology Wiki:Vinogradov, Yury

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Yury Vinogradov is outstanding Russian scientist in the field of hydrology. He is the author of over 100 scientific papers, including several fundamental monographs on mathematical modeling of hydrological processes, catastrophic hydrological phenomena (outburst floods and debris flows).

Yury Vinogradov developed hydrological model Hydrograph model and a number of advanced approaches to simulate debris flow of different types, breakthroughs of moraine lakes and the processes of erosion and watershed pollution.

Yuri was born December 7, 1932 in Samarkand. He studied at the Faculty of Geography of the Central Asian State University (Tashkent, 1950-1955), where he received his degree of geographer-hydrologist, and then became a PhD student of the Institute of Water Problems and Hydraulic Engineering, Academy of Sciences of the Uzbek SSR (Head VL Schultz). In 1960 he defended his thesis "The method of calculating the maximum discharges of rain floods in the conditions of Central Asia." He worked consistently as a junior and senior research fellow at the same institute, and then from 1964 got the position of the Head of the Department of mudflows and Deputy Research Director (1972-1977) in Kazakh Scientific Research Hydrometeorological Institute (Alma-Ata). There, near Alma-Ata, he organized unique experiments to reproduce, describe and measure artificial debris flows. In 1972 Prof. Vinogradov defended his doctoral dissertation on "The rain floods and the method of their calculation in the conditions of Central Asia and South Kazakhstan." In 1978, he joined the State Hydrological Institute (Leningrad). In 1990 he received the title of Professor in "hydraulics and engineering hydrology." He was awarded for the excellence in the Hydrometeorological Service of the USSR (1971), got the medal of Honorary Worker of the Hydrometeorological Service of Russia (1999), and a medal of "Veteran of Labor" (1990). During 1979-1991 Prof. Vinogradov served as the Chairman of the Commission on debris flow problems of the Scientific Council of the State Committee on Science and Technology of the USSR "Integrated use and protection of water resources" and the Research Council for Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology of the USSR Academy of Sciences. From 2001 he worked in the St. Petersburg State University where lectured on "Mathematical Modeling", "Mountain hydrology", "Modern problems of hydrology." 12 dissertations were defended under his supervision. In his later years Prof. Vinogradov was working on the monographs describing the fundamentals of hydrological science and identified the problems of formation of hydrology in future. Two books "Modern Problems of Hydrology" and "Modelling of Hydrological Processes" were published in 2008 and 2010. Over the final monograph of the trilogy titled "Applied Hydrology" Prof. Vinogradov worked until the last days of his life, it was published in 2014. Prof. Vinogradov passed away on Sept. 30, 2012 and has not finished many studies planed him in hydrology. All his life he was selflessly devoted to science, he extremely finely felt and loved nature, and hydrological processes and phenomena that he observed over the entire territory of the former Soviet Union from the Baltic Sea to Kamchatka. He professionally carried the field studies, pointing how to observe, measure, process the results and then successfully use the data in modelling. The mudflow experiment carried out under the leadership and direct participation of Prof. Vinogradov near Alma-Ata (Kazakhstan), the world's first and only in scale, speaks for itself. Prof. Vinogradov was able to awaken in others the best that was in them, the creative activity – the quality of a true leader! But the most important thing for over 50 years has been inspiring work, not interrupted for a single day, on the books, models, solutions of equations or planning and development of new directions in hydrology.