Ineson, Jack

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Jack Ineson


Jack Ineson 1917 (Otley, UK) - 1970 (Reading, UK)


Dr. Ineson was born in Leeds in July 1917 and attended Prince Henry Grammer School at Otley. He graduated with an honours degree in geology at the University of Durham in 1939 and, amongst his other activities while there, he played rugby for the University. He began research in petrology for a Ph.D. degree, but this was interrupted by the outbreak of war. Whilst serving as a Lieutenant in the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, Dr. Ineson was taken prisoner in Singapore and worked on the notorious Burma Siam railway with consequent effects on his health. During this period he learnt Russian, a language at which he attained fluency, as he did later in French and German.

In 1946 he joined the staff of the Geological Survey of Great Britain and mapped areas in south eastern England. After a serious illness he was transferred to the Water Department of the Survey in 1948. He was awarded a Ph.D. by the University of London in 1957 for his thesis “The Movement of Ground Water, as influenced by Geological Factors, and its Significance”.

He was well-known by students from many scientific and engineering backgrounds for his course of post-graduate lectures in hydrogeology at Chelsea College of Technology, which he gave annually from 1957 onwards.

He was elected a Fellow of the Geological Society of London in 1947 and a Professional Associate of the Institution of Water Engineers in 1957. He was also a member of the International Association of Hydrogeologists. In 1961 the Geological Society of London awarded him the Murchison Fund for “fundamental contributions to investigations ofground-water resources ”. Dr. Ineson was a founder member ofthe Committee of the Society’s Engineering Group and Chairman of the Group’s Working Party on the preparation of Geological Maps in terms of Engineering Geology.

He became head of the Water Department at the Geological Survey and Museum in 1960 and was appointed Chief Geologist and head of the Ground Water Division of the newly-created Water Resources Board in 1965.

His expert knowledge was in demand within the United Kingdom and internationally, and shortly before his death he had completed a UNESCO handbook on Ground Water Studies in conjunction with one American and two Russian authors

He was U. K. permanent delegate to the World Meteorological Organisation, Commission for Hydrometeorology and was chairman of a full session in 1968. Hewas also chairman of a technical panel of the Oil and Water Industries and a member of the Natural Environment Research Council's Hydrology Committee.

In 1991 the International Association of Hydrogeologists inaugurated the annual Ineson Lecture.

Hydrological Achievements[edit]

Dr. lneson began work on the analysis of pumping tests and published important papers on the subject in the Journal of the Institution of Water Engineers in 1952-53. These showed that the methods of analysis of ground water flow in granular material could also be applied to fissure flow in the Chalk, the major aquifer in the United Kingdom and “that the movement of ground water in the Chalk as a whole tends to obey theoretical hydraulic considerations, despite the development of a plexus of fissures”.

In 1959 another important paper showed that estimates of aquifer transmissivity could be made from the relationship between yield and drawdown in an individual well in the Chalk. Almost 50 papers were published by Dr. Ineson in British and lnternational journals dealing with problems of ground-water resources and the pollution of ground-water by oil.

Reference Material[edit]

Source: Anon., 1970, Personalia, Dr. J. Ineson, Obituary, International Association of Scientific Hydrology. Bulletin, 15(4): 127-142, DOI: 10.1080/02626667009493997

Downing, R.A. and Gray, D.A., 2004. Jack Ineson (1917–1970) The instigator of quantitative hydrogeology in Britain. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 225(1), pp.283-286.

Major Publications[edit]

  • Ineson, J. 1962. A hydrogeological study of the permeability of Chalk. Journal of the Institution of Water Engineers, 16, 449–463.
  • Ineson, J. & Downing, R. A. 1963. Changes in the chemistry of groundwaters in the Chalk passing beneath argillaceous strata. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, 20, 176–192.
  • Ineson, J. and Gray, D.A., 1963. Electrical investigations of borehole fluids. Journal of Hydrology, 1(3), pp.204-218.
  • Ineson, J. & Downing, R. A. 1964. The groundwater component of river discharge and its relationship to hydrogeology. Journal of the Institution of Water Engineers, 18, 519–541.
  • Ineson, J. & Downing, R. A. 1965. Some hydrogeological factors in permeable catchment studies. Journal of the Institution of Water Engineers, 19, 59–80.
  • Ineson, J. & Gray, D. A. 1963. Electrical investigations of borehole fluids. Journal of Hydrology, 1, 204–218.
  • Ineson, J. & Rowntree, N. A. F. 1967. Water resources in the UK: conservation projects and planning. Journal of the Institution of Water Engineers, 21, 275–290


IAH Ineson Lecture