Wood, Eric F

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Photograph[edit]

name

Dates[edit]

Eric Franklin Wood 1947 (Vancouver, Canada)– 2022

Biography[edit]

Wood was born in Vancouver, Canada, in 1947 and earned a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering from the University of British Columbia in 1970 and his doctorate from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1974.

After two years in Laxenburg, Austria, as a research scholar at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Wood joined Princeton’s faculty in 1976. He continued to work at Princeton for the rest of his career, becoming the Susan Dod Brown Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, transferring to Emeritus status in 2019.

He is survived by his siblings John Wood, Elizabeth Wood and Peter Wood; former spouse Katharine Wood; his children Alex Wood and Emily Wood; and his grandchildren Clementine Crouch, August Wood, Elliott Wood and Silas Wood.


Hydrological Achievements[edit]

Early in his career, Eric’s research was in the area of systems analysis as applied to hydrology–a field that was much in vogue in the 1970s. His early work resulted in papers in the late 1970s on the role of parameter uncertainty in deterministic hydrologic predictions, hydrologic network design, and Kalman (and related) filtering approaches to hydrological forecasting, among many others. Durnig this time, while visiting the Institute of Hydrology at Wallingford with Jim Wallis, he worked with Jim and John Hoskins on the identification of flood frequency distributions, in one of the first studies in hydrology to use long sequences of stochastically generated varialbles.

By the mid- 1980s, however, he recognized that the hydrologic landscape was changing with the evolution of hydrology as a branch of Earth science rather than engineering. A ground-breaking series of papers in the late 1980s and early 1990s with Keith Beven, Murugesu Sivapalan, and Larry Band examined how the hydrologic response of catchments scaled with drainage area and advanced the concept of the Representative Elementary Area (REA). The concepts were later also developed into a land surface hydrology model with Jay Famiglietti.

In the 1980s and 1990s, two parallel trends motivated the evolution of his research. Both were developed in collaboration with Denis Lettenmaier, then at UCLA. Eric and Dennis had first met when both were visiting the Institute of Hydrology in Wallingford, UK. The first was the coming-of-age of hydrologic remote sensing. While the use of remote sensing to characterize land cover and land use dates at least to the 1970s, pathways by which remote sensing could provide insights into hydrological processes remained elusive. When planning for NASA’s Earth Observing System (EOS) began in the 1980s, Eric recognized that remote sensing could provide measurements (and hence process insights) at scales larger than the relatively small catchments to which most hydrological models were then applicable. He participated in a number of remote sensing field campaigns (the first of which was the First ISLSCP Field Experiment–FIFE–in the late 1980s) intended to better understand how remote sensing observations, especially of soil moisture, could be related to in situ observations. Eric would go on to serve on the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)’s Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for EOS (AMSRE), Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM), Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP), and ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) Science Teams. By 2010, his group had developed the first long-term consistent NASA satellite records of evapotranspiration and soil moisture as part of the NASA Making Earth Science Data Records (ESDR) for Use in Research Environments (MEa- SUREs) Program.

The second trend that motivated Eric’s research was the recognition that the models of the land surface being used in weather and climate models were too rudimentary to represent land-atmosphere interactions properly. Early work with hydrological parameterizations implemented by Ezio Todini in collaboration with Chinese scientists led to adoption of aspects of Todini’s Arno model into what became the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) macroscale hydrology model. The VIC model–the modern version of which traces to Xu Liang’s dissertation work at the University of Washington, and later as a postdoc with Eric–was intended for applications at the scale of large continental river basins (and even globally).

In the 1990s, GEWEX initiated its first Continental Scale Experiment, the GEWEX Continental Scale International Project (GCIP), the domain of which was the Mississippi River basin. The VIC modeling structure was well suited to GCIP’s goals, and implementation over the Arkansas-Red River basin (the first of four Large Scale Areas, or LSAs, within GCIP) allowed for direct comparisons of evapotranspiration between land surface models and atmospheric water budgets. The Arkansas-Red basin was also the focus of a Project for Intercomparison of Land Surface Parameterizations (PILPS) multi-institutional collaboration led by Eric in the late 1990s. The PILPS effort was notable for its focus on model improvement, rather than the “beauty contests” that had characterized earlier model intercomparison efforts.

A key aspect of the VIC model as it evolved at the University of Washington and Princeton was that the model source code was freely available. That, in turn, led to its widespread use internationally. The model played a prominent role in the North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS) and in many projects led by Eric and his group. For example, Pan and Wood developed a novel water-balanced constrained remote sensing data assimilation system using VIC and the 2012 Sheffield et al. Nature paper used a long-term VIC simulation to show that there has been little change globally in the frequency and severity of droughts over the last 60 years. VIC was also used to: reconstruct droughts over the U.S., China, and India among many other regions; study the decline of snowpacks in the Western U.S.; produce hydrological projections of climate change impacts; and provide real-time flood and drought monitoring, and seasonal hydrological forecasts. Despite the fact that the primary paper describing the VIC model (Liang et al., 1994) was published over 25 years ago, it has typically been cited about 200 times per year in the recent past.

In the late 1990s, Eric spent a year at NASA Headquarters, during which, in a tag team effort with Dennis Lettenmaier, he formulated the Land Surface Hydrology Program (now Terrestrial Hydrology Program) which was NASA's first competitive research program in hydrology. This was a significant commitment of time, undertaken by Eric and Dennis for the benefit of the hydrological community. The program has since supported numerous research grants to investigators in areas such as continental and global hydrology, and in support of hydrology- related missions such as SMAP (Soil Moisture Active Passive) and (soon-to-be launched -- planned December 2022) SWOT (Surface Water and Ocean Topography).

In this Century, Eric became interested in the possibilities for much higher-resolution application of hydrological models than has been the case in the past. Hydrologists typically have felt bound by the effective spatial resolution of gridded data sets of precipitation and other variables used to force models like VIC. At best, inter-station distances of stations with long-term records in the developed world are 10–20 km, and the distance is much larger over remotely populated or low-income regions of the globe. Hence, the argument goes, there is no point in macroscale hydrological modeling at scales much smaller than about 10 km. Eric’s 2011 paper (with other attendees of a workshop that he hosted) advocates a rationale for “hyper-resolution” land surface models (which it defines as exceeding about 1 km spatial resolution globally) of Earth’s terrestrial water, energy, and biogeochemical cycles. The paper, now cited over 50 times per year, has spawned an entire field of research that investigates not only the nuances of large-scale hydrological processes that are only manifested at high spatial resolutions, but also the computational methods and data sets that are needed to support such efforts.

Wood’s work tackled practical problems, such as the field work he did at the Love Canal hazardous waste site in Niagara Falls, New York. Wood designed a soil sampling protocol that would enable the Environmental Protection Agency to decide whether the land could be resold and people could move back in.

At Princeton, he was instrumental in developing the Water Resources programme and Terrestrial Hydrology Research Group, serving as the second Director after George Pinder became Chair of the Department in 1980. He supervised more than 30 PhD students.

One of his dissertation papers on selection of flood frequency models received the American Geophysical Union (AGU) Hydrologic Sciences Award in 1977. He received many other awards including the European Geosciences Union (EGU) Dalton Award (2007), the American Meteorological Society (AMS) Jules G. Charney Award (2010), an honorary doctorate from Ghent University (2011), the EGU Alfred Wagener Award (2014), the AGU Robert E. Horton Award (2017), as well as being named a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (2013) and the U.S. National Academy of Engineering (2015). In 2017 Wood was awarded the American Geophysical Union’s highest honor in hydrology, the Robert E. Horton Medal for “major advances toward process-based representation of global hydrology.” It was one of 17 major awards for research scholarship won by Wood. He also was elected to the National Academy of Engineering “for development of land surface models and use of remote sensing for hydrologic modeling and prediction.”

Anecdotes[edit]

Eric was a complicated personality, and surely there were some who were put off by him. He didn’t suffer fools gladly; at a meeting some decades back, after a speaker pontificated on some point with which he didn’t agree, he was heard to say, “If I wanted a sermon I’d go to church.” But he worked tirelessly to advance the careers of all whom he thought were deserving. These were not only his own students and close associates, but in many cases, he wrote in support of hydrologists (not to speak of other Earth scientists) with whom he had no direct connection. (from Lettenmaier et al., 2022)

One class Wood taught was especially memorable for Kaiyu Guan, who earned a Ph.D. in environmental engineering in 2013 with Wood as his adviser. For this hydrology class, Guan was the only student registered. All semester, Wood stood in front of the classroom, drawing on the blackboard and lecturing passionately for an audience of one. Guan said Wood saw through nonsense, hated fake science, and disliked people doing superficial things. But his attitude was instrumental in training students to be creative and independent thinkers.

Outside the classroom, Wood loved the outdoors. His devotion to fishing was legendary, as the professor would invite colleagues to his house to sample large quantities of cured and smoked salmon he had caught. “When he didn’t talk hydrology, he often talked fishing,” said Peter Jaffé (the William L. Knapp ’47 Professor of Civil Engineering at Princeton).

Another of Eric’s interests was wine. He had a well-stocked cellar and Keith Beven recalls that during one of Eric's visits to the Institute of Hydrology in the UK, a meal was organised at the wine bar in Wallingford with each of the participants providing an interesting bottle. The participants included at least 3 wine critics for the major London newspapers of the day. Keith was there to provide the transport home but after 13 bottles had been consumed (the 14th and most expensive one was pronounced corked), he is not sure how they both got home safely.

Reference Material[edit]

The text in this entry was adapted from the article In Memoriam, Eric F. Wood, by Dennis Lettenmaier, Justin Sheffield, Ming Pan, and Craig Ferguson in the GEWEX Quarterly, v31(4), 4-5, 2022 and the article by Sharon Waters in the Princeton Engineering News at https://engineering.princeton.edu/news/2021/12/02/eric-wood-leader-hydrology-dies-74

National Academy of Engineering Obituary

Selected Publications[edit]

Books[edit]

J Sheffield, EF Wood, 2012, Drought: past problems and future scenarios, Routledge


Papers[edit]

(As ranked by Google Scholar citations, 2022)

X Liang, DP Lettenmaier, EF Wood, SJ Burges, A simple hydrologically based model of land surface water and energy fluxes for general circulation models Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 99 (D7), 14415-14428, 1994

HE Beck, NE Zimmermann, TR McVicar, N Vergopolan, A Berg, EF Wood Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution Scientific data 5 (1), 1-12, 2018

M Jung, M Reichstein, P Ciais, SI Seneviratne, J Sheffield, ML Goulden, ... Recent decline in the global land evapotranspiration trend due to limited moisture supply Nature 467 (7318), 951-954, 2010

JRM Hosking, JR Wallis, EF Wood Estimation of the generalized extreme-value distribution by the method of probability-weighted moments Technometrics 27 (3), 251-261, 1985

J Sheffield, EF Wood, ML Roderick Little change in global drought over the past 60 years Nature 491 (7424), 435-438, 2012

J Sheffield, G Goteti, EF Wood Development of a 50-year high-resolution global dataset of meteorological forcings for land surface modeling Journal of climate 19 (13), 3088-3111, 2006

KE Mitchell, D Lohmann, PR Houser, EF Wood, JC Schaake, A Robock, ... The multi‐institution North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS): Utilizing multiple GCIP products and partners in a continental distributed hydrological modeling system Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 109 (D7), 2004

J Sheffield, EF Wood Projected changes in drought occurrence under future global warming from multi-model, multi-scenario, IPCC AR4 simulations Climate dynamics 31 (1), 79-105, 2008

X Liang, EF Wood, DP Lettenmaier Surface soil moisture parameterization of the VIC-2L model: Evaluation and modification Global and Planetary Change 13 (1-4), 195-206, 1996

Y Xia, K Mitchell, M Ek, J Sheffield, B Cosgrove, E Wood, L Luo, C Alonge, ... Continental‐scale water and energy flux analysis and validation for the North American Land Data Assimilation System project phase 2 (NLDAS‐2): 1. Intercomparison and … Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 117 (D3), 2012

K Hayhoe, CP Wake, TG Huntington, L Luo, MD Schwartz, J Sheffield, ... Past and future changes in climate and hydrological indicators in the US Northeast Climate Dynamics 28 (4), 381-407, 2007

EF Wood, M Sivapalan, K Beven, L Band Effects of spatial variability and scale with implications to hydrologic modeling Journal of hydrology 102 (1-4), 29-47, 1988

DP Lettenmaier, EF Wood, JR Wallis Hydro-climatological trends in the continental United States, 1948-88 Journal of Climate 7 (4), 586-607, 1994

BP Kirtman, D Min, JM Infanti, JL Kinter, DA Paolino, Q Zhang, ... The North American multimodel ensemble: phase-1 seasonal-to-interannual prediction; phase-2 toward developing intraseasonal prediction Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95 (4), 585-601, 2014

H Li, J Sheffield, EF Wood Bias correction of monthly precipitation and temperature fields from Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change AR4 models using equidistant quantile matching Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 115 (D10), 2010

EF Wood, DP Lettenmaier, VG Zartarian A land‐surface hydrology parameterization with subgrid variability for general circulation models Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 97 (D3), 2717-2728, 1992

JS Famiglietti, EF Wood Multiscale modeling of spatially variable water and energy balance processes Water Resources Research 30 (11), 3061-3078, 1994

EF Wood, JK Roundy, TJ Troy, LPH Van Beek, MFP Bierkens, E Blyth, ... Hyperresolution global land surface modeling: Meeting a grand challenge for monitoring Earth's terrestrial water Water Resources Research 47 (5), 2011

BA Cosgrove, D Lohmann, KE Mitchell, PR Houser, EF Wood, ... Real‐time and retrospective forcing in the North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS) project Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 108 (D22), 2003

Q Duan, J Schaake, V Andréassian, S Franks, G Goteti, HV Gupta, ... Model Parameter Estimation Experiment (MOPEX): An overview of science strategy and major results from the second and third workshops Journal of Hydrology 320 (1-2), 3-17, 2006

SV Kumar, CD Peters-Lidard, Y Tian, PR Houser, J Geiger, S Olden, ... Land information system: An interoperable framework for high resolution land surface modeling Environmental modelling & software 21 (10), 1402-1415, 2006

B Nijssen, DP Lettenmaier, X Liang, SW Wetzel, EF Wood Streamflow simulation for continental‐scale river basins Water Resources Research 33 (4), 711-724, 1997

J Sheffield, EF Wood Global trends and variability in soil moisture and drought characteristics, 1950–2000, from observation-driven simulations of the terrestrial hydrologic cycle Journal of Climate 21 (3), 432-458, 2008

M Sivapalan, K Beven, EF Wood On hydrologic similarity: 2. A scaled model of storm runoff production Water Resources Research 23 (12), 2266-2278, 1987

B Nijssen, GM O'Donnell, DP Lettenmaier, D Lohmann, EF Wood Predicting the discharge of global rivers Journal of Climate 14 (15), 3307-3323, 2001

HE Beck, N Vergopolan, M Pan, V Levizzani, AIJM Van Dijk, GP Weedon, ... Global-scale evaluation of 22 precipitation datasets using gauge observations and hydrological modeling Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 21 (12), 6201-6217, 2017

JB Fisher, F Melton, E Middleton, C Hain, M Anderson, R Allen, ... The future of evapotranspiration: Global requirements for ecosystem functioning, carbon and climate feedbacks, agricultural management, and water resources Water Resources Research 53 (4), 2618-2626, 2017

X Liang, DP Lettenmaier, EF Wood One‐dimensional statistical dynamic representation of subgrid spatial variability of precipitation in the two‐layer variable infiltration capacity model Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 101 (D16), 21403-21422, 1996

RK Vinukollu, EF Wood, CR Ferguson, JB Fisher Global estimates of evapotranspiration for climate studies using multi-sensor remote sensing data: Evaluation of three process-based approaches Remote Sensing of Environment 115 (3), 801-823, 2011

WT Crow, EF Wood The assimilation of remotely sensed soil brightness temperature imagery into a land surface model using ensemble Kalman filtering: A case study based on ESTAR measurements … Advances in Water Resources 26 (2), 137-149, 2003

EF Wood, M Sivapalan, K Beven Similarity and scale in catchment storm response Reviews of Geophysics 28 (1), 1-18, 1990

K Beven, EF Wood Catchment geomorphology and the dynamics of runoff contributing areas Journal of Hydrology 65 (1-3), 139-158, 1983

TH Chen, A Henderson-Sellers, PCD Milly, AJ Pitman, ACM Beljaars, ... Cabauw experimental results from the project for intercomparison of land-surface parameterization schemes Journal of Climate 10 (6), 1194-1215, 1997

HE Beck, EF Wood, M Pan, CK Fisher, DG Miralles, AIJM Van Dijk, ... MSWEP V2 global 3-hourly 0.1 precipitation: methodology and quantitative assessment Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 100 (3), 473-5004272019

CD Peters-Lidard, E Blackburn, X Liang, EF Wood The effect of soil thermal conductivity parameterization on surface energy fluxes and temperatures Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 55 (7), 1209-1224, 1998

J Sheffield, EF Wood, N Chaney, K Guan, S Sadri, X Yuan, L Olang, ... A drought monitoring and forecasting system for sub-Sahara African water resources and food security. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95 (6), 861-882, 2014

RD Koster, SPP Mahanama, TJ Yamada, G Balsamo, AA Berg, ... Contribution of land surface initialization to subseasonal forecast skill: First results from a multi‐model experiment Geophysical Research Letters 37 (2), 2010

G Blöschl, MFP Bierkens, A Chambel, C Cudennec, G Destouni, A Fiori, ... Twenty-three unsolved problems in hydrology (UPH)–a community perspective Hydrological sciences journal 64 (10), 1141-1158, 2019

L Samaniego, S Thober, R Kumar, N Wanders, O Rakovec, M Pan, M Zink, ... Anthropogenic warming exacerbates European soil moisture droughts Nature Climate Change 8 (5), 421-426, 2018

MF McCabe, EF Wood Scale influences on the remote estimation of evapotranspiration using multiple satellite sensors Remote Sensing of Environment 105 (4), 271-2853942006

EF Wood, DP Lettenmaier, X Liang, D Lohmann, A Boone, S Chang, ... The project for intercomparison of land-surface parameterization schemes (PILPS) phase 2 (c) red–arkansas river basin experiment:: 1. experiment description and summary … Global and Planetary Change 19 (1-4), 115-135, 1998

J Sheffield, G Goteti, F Wen, EF Wood A simulated soil moisture based drought analysis for the United States Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 109 (D24), 2004

JW McClelland, SJ Déry, BJ Peterson, RM Holmes, EF Wood A pan‐arctic evaluation of changes in river discharge during the latter half of the 20th century Geophysical Research Letters 33 (6), 2006

DP Lettenmaier, AW Wood, RN Palmer, EF Wood, EZ StakhivWater resources implications of global warming: A US regional perspective Climatic Change 43 (3), 537-579, 1999

J Sheffield, EF Wood Characteristics of global and regional drought, 1950–2000: Analysis of soil moisture data from off‐line simulation of the terrestrial hydrologic cycle Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 112 (D17), 2007

MF McCabe, M Rodell, DE Alsdorf, DG Miralles, R Uijlenhoet, W Wagner, ... The future of Earth observation in hydrology Hydrology and earth system sciences 21 (7), 3879-3914, 2017

K Guan, M Pan, H Li, A Wolf, J Wu, D Medvigy, KK Caylor, J Sheffield, ... Photosynthetic seasonality of global tropical forests constrained by hydroclimate Nature Geoscience 8 (4), 284-289, 2015

B Mueller, SI Seneviratne, C Jimenez, T Corti, M Hirschi, G Balsamo, ... Evaluation of global observations‐based evapotranspiration datasets and IPCC AR4 simulations Geophysical Research Letters 38 (6), 2011

J Sheffield, KM Andreadis, EF Wood, DP Lettenmaier Global and continental drought in the second half of the twentieth century: Severity–area–duration analysis and temporal variability of large-scale events Journal of Climate 22 (8), 1962-1981, 2009

RD Koster, SPP Mahanama, TJ Yamada, G Balsamo, AA Berg, ... The second phase of the global land–atmosphere coupling experiment: soil moisture contributions to subseasonal forecast skill Journal of Hydrometeorology 12 (5), 805-822, 2011

DA Lavers, RP Allan, EF Wood, G Villarini, DJ Brayshaw, AJ Wade Winter floods in Britain are connected to atmospheric rivers Geophysical Research Letters 38 (23), 2011

C Jimenez, C Prigent, B Mueller, SI Seneviratne, MF McCabe, EF Wood, ... Global intercomparison of 12 land surface heat flux estimates Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 116 (D2), 2011

MA Rawlins, M Steele, MM Holland, JC Adam, JE Cherry, JA Francis, ... Analysis of the Arctic system for freshwater cycle intensification: Observations and expectations Journal of Climate 23 (21), 5715-5737, 2010

D Entekhabi, GR Asrar, AK Betts, KJ Beven, RL Bras, CJ Duffy, T Dunne, ... An agenda for land surface hydrology research and a call for the second international hydrological decade Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 80 (10), 2043-2058, 1999

B Mueller, M Hirschi, C Jimenez, P Ciais, PA Dirmeyer, AJ Dolman, ... Benchmark products for land evapotranspiration: LandFlux-EVAL multi-data set synthesis Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 17 (10), 3707-3720, 2013

DP Ahlfeld, JM Mulvey, GF Pinder, EF Wood Contaminated groundwater remediation design using simulation, optimization, and sensitivity theory: 1. Model development Water Resources Research 24 (3), 431-441, 1988

MFP Bierkens, VA Bell, P Burek, N Chaney, LE Condon, CH David, ... Hyper‐resolution global hydrological modelling: what is next? “Everywhere and locally relevant” Hydrological processes 29 (2), 310-320, 2015

SJ Déry, EF Wood Decreasing river discharge in northern Canada Geophysical research letters 32 (10), 2005

D Li, M Pan, Z Cong, L Zhang, E Wood Vegetation control on water and energy balance within the Budyko framework Water Resources Research 49 (2), 969-976, 2013

DG Miralles, C Jiménez, M Jung, D Michel, A Ershadi, MF McCabe, ... The WACMOS-ET project–Part 2: Evaluation of global terrestrial evaporation data sets Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 20 (2), 823-842, 2016

DA Lavers, G Villarini, RP Allan, EF Wood, AJ Wade The detection of atmospheric rivers in atmospheric reanalyses and their links to British winter floods and the large‐scale climatic circulation Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 117 (D20), 2012

FA Abdulla, DP Lettenmaier, EF Wood, JA Smith Application of a macroscale hydrologic model to estimate the water balance of the Arkansas‐Red River Basin Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 101 (D3), 7449-7459, 1996

A Al Bitar, D Leroux, YH Kerr, O Merlin, P Richaume, A Sahoo, EF Wood Evaluation of SMOS soil moisture products over continental US using the SCAN/SNOTEL network IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 50 (5), 1572-1586, 2012

D Entekhabi, EG Njoku, P Houser, M Spencer, T Doiron, Y Kim, J Smith, ... The hydrosphere state (Hydros) satellite mission: An earth system pathfinder for global mapping of soil moisture and land freeze/thaw IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 42 (10), 2184-2195, 2004

DP Lettenmaier, JR Wallis, EF Wood Effect of regional heterogeneity on flood frequency estimation Water Resources Research 23 (2), 313-323, 1987

JRM Hosking, JR Wallis, EF Wood An appraisal of the regional flood frequency procedure in the UK Flood Studies Report Hydrological Sciences Journal 30 (1), 85-109, 1985

A Ershadi, MF McCabe, JP Evans, NW Chaney, EF Wood Multi-site evaluation of terrestrial evaporation models using FLUXNET data Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 187, 46-61, 2014

HE Beck, M Pan, T Roy, GP Weedon, F Pappenberger, AIJM Van Dijk, ... Daily evaluation of 26 precipitation datasets using Stage-IV gauge-radar data for the CONUS Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 23 (1), 207-224, 2019

Z Zeng, S Piao, LZX Li, L Zhou, P Ciais, T Wang, Y Li, XU Lian, EF Wood, ... Climate mitigation from vegetation biophysical feedbacks during the past three decades Nature Climate Change 7 (6), 432-436, 2017

SJ Déry, M Stieglitz, EC McKenna, EF Wood Characteristics and trends of river discharge into Hudson, James, and Ungava Bays, 1964–2000 Journal of Climate 18 (14), 2540-2557, 2005

RT Pinker, JD Tarpley, I Laszlo, KE Mitchell, PR Houser, EF Wood, ... Surface radiation budgets in support of the GEWEX Continental‐Scale International Project (GCIP) and the GEWEX Americas Prediction Project (GAPP), including the North American … Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 108 (D22), 2003

M Wild, D Folini, MZ Hakuba, C Schär, SI Seneviratne, S Kato, D Rutan, ... The energy balance over land and oceans: an assessment based on direct observations and CMIP5 climate models Climate Dynamics 44 (11), 3393-3429, 2015

M Rodell, HK Beaudoing, TS L’ecuyer, WS Olson, JS Famiglietti, ... The observed state of the water cycle in the early twenty-first century Journal of Climate 28 (21), 8289-8318, 2015

KJ Beven, EF Wood, M Sivapalan On hydrological heterogeneity—catchment morphology and catchment response Journal of hydrology 100 (1-3), 353-375, 1988

H Su, MF McCabe, EF Wood, Z Su, JH Prueger Modeling evapotranspiration during SMACEX: Comparing two approaches for local-and regional-scale prediction Journal of hydrometeorology 6 (6), 910-922, 2005

JC Adam, EA Clark, DP Lettenmaier, EF Wood Correction of global precipitation products for orographic effects Journal of Climate 19 (1), 15-38, 2006

M Drusch, EF Wood, H Gao Observation operators for the direct assimilation of TRMM microwave imager retrieved soil moisture Geophysical Research Letters 32 (15), 2005

CD Peters-Lidard, PR Houser, Y Tian, SV Kumar, J Geiger, S Olden, ... High-performance Earth system modeling with NASA/GSFC’s Land Information System Innovations in Systems and Software Engineering 3 (3), 157-165, 2007

DP Lettenmaier, D Alsdorf, J Dozier, GJ Huffman, M Pan, EF Wood Inroads of remote sensing into hydrologic science during the WRR era Water Resources Research 51 (9), 7309-7342, 2015

CD Peters‐Lidard, MS Zion, EF Wood A soil‐vegetation‐atmosphere transfer scheme for modeling spatially variable water and energy balance processes Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 102 (D4), 4303-4324, 1997

A Robock, L Luo, EF Wood, F Wen, KE Mitchell, PR Houser, JC Schaake, ... Evaluation of the North American Land Data Assimilation System over the southern Great Plains during the warm season Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 108 (D22), 2003

J Sheffield, CR Ferguson, TJ Troy, EF Wood, MF McCabe Closing the terrestrial water budget from satellite remote sensing Geophysical Research Letters 36 (7), 2009

D Lohmann, DP Lettenmaier, X Liang, EF Wood, A Boone, S Chang, ... The Project for Intercomparison of Land-surface Parameterization Schemes (PILPS) phase 2 (c) Red–Arkansas River basin experiment:: 3. Spatial and temporal analysis of water fluxes Global and Planetary Change 19 (1-4), 161-179, 1998

JS Famiglietti, EF Wood Evapotranspiration and runoff from large land areas: Land surface hydrology for atmospheric general circulation models Surveys in Geophysics 12 (1), 179-204, 1991

Z Zeng, AD Ziegler, T Searchinger, L Yang, A Chen, K Ju, S Piao, LZX Li, ... A reversal in global terrestrial stilling and its implications for wind energy production Nature Climate Change 9 (12), 979-985, 2019

HE Beck, NE Zimmermann, TR McVicar, N Vergopolan, A Berg, EF Wood, Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution. Sci Data 5: 180214, 2018

AD Ziegler, J Sheffield, EP Maurer, B Nijssen, EF Wood, DP Lettenmaier Detection of intensification in global-and continental-scale hydrological cycles: Temporal scale of evaluation Journal of Climate 16 (3), 535-547, 2003

SJ Déry, MA Hernández‐Henríquez, JE Burford, EF Wood Observational evidence of an intensifying hydrological cycle in northern Canada Geophysical Research Letters 36 (13), 2009

M Pan, EF Wood Data assimilation for estimating the terrestrial water budget using a constrained ensemble Kalman filter Journal of Hydrometeorology 7 (3), 534-547, 2006

X Yuan, EF Wood, L Luo, M Pan A first look at Climate Forecast System version 2 (CFSv2) for hydrological seasonal prediction Geophysical research letters 38 (13), 2011

EF Wood, D Lettenmaier, X Liang, B Nijssen, SW Wetzel Hydrological modeling of continental-scale basins Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 25 (1), 279-300, 1997

C Paniconi, AA Aldama, EF Wood Numerical evaluation of iterative and noniterative methods for the solution of the nonlinear Richards equation Water Resources Research 27 (6), 1147-1163, 1991

M Sivapalan, EF Wood, KJ Beven On hydrologic similarity: 3. A dimensionless flood frequency model using a generalized geomorphologic unit hydrograph and partial area runoff generation Water Resources Research 26 (1), 43-58, 1990

J Sheffield, EF Wood, M Pan, H Beck, G Coccia, A Serrat‐Capdevila, ... Satellite remote sensing for water resources management: Potential for supporting sustainable development in data‐poor regions Water Resources Research 54 (12), 9724-9758, 2018

NW Chaney, EF Wood, AB McBratney, JW Hempel, TW Nauman, ... POLARIS: A 30-meter probabilistic soil series map of the contiguous United States Geoderma 274, 54-67, 2016

T Kenward, DP Lettenmaier, EF Wood, E Fielding Effects of digital elevation model accuracy on hydrologic predictions Remote Sensing of Environment 74 (3), 432-444, 2000

Links[edit]

History of Hydrology video interview with Eric Wood by Murugesu Sivapalan